The author’s purpose is the goal the writer has in mind when writing a particular work. The writer selects and
arranges material to reach that goal. Most authors’ purposes fall into
three categories: to inform, persuade, or entertain.
Suppose you want to read a book about baseball. When you are
choosing a book, you should be alert to the author’s purpose. One writer
may want to teach the rules of the game and another may want to give tips on pitching.
A third author will present a biography of a famous player, while a fourth
may intend to entertain with an account of a fictitious major league team.
Writers may have even
more specific purposes. One writer’s biography may inform by telling a
straightforward fact filled account, while another writer may wish to inspire by stressing how the player overcame obstacles
on his way. Recognizing the author’s purpose will help you determine how
successful the author is in reaching that goal.