Name ______________________ Inference Practice
Most people are pretty good at figuring
out mysteries. If you aren’t you might have trouble answering inference
questions. Inference means reading all the clues and making your best guess. You will be surprised at how easy inference can be.
Read the following paragraph then choose the best answer.
and John were hot and sweaty as they sat outside the principal’s office. Dirt
smeared both of their faces, and they could hear their teacher’s voice as she gave Mr. Jones her account of what had
happened. Tommy sneered at John, and John returned the angry glare. As Miss Brown left Mr. Jones’ office, the boys hung their heads so they wouldn’t have to look
her in the eye.
From this paragraph you can infer that,
a. Tommy and John had disappointed
Tommy and John are sworn enemies
The principal, known for being hard on students, would yell at them both
A is the correct answer. How do
we know that? Let’s look at the clues:
We know the boys were mad at each other, because Tommy sneered at John
and John returned the angry glare.
We can guess that they had been fighting, because dirt smeared both of their faces,
and they were sitting outside the principal’s office. The biggest clue is in the last sentence: the boys hung their
heads so they wouldn’t have to look her in the eye. They had disappointed their teacher.
Why are the
other two answers wrong?
Well, reread the paragraph. It does
not say that the boys were best friends, but it doesn’t say they were NOT best friends either. We don’t really
know. All we know about the principal is that his name is Mr. Jones. He might be a nice guy, but the paragraph doesn’t
give us a clue about what kind of person he is.
The only answer we can infer is that the boys felt that they had disappointed
their teacher, because they didn’t want to look her in the eye.